Glossary of Terms


 blubber
 ~layer of fat beneath an animal's skin (such as the polar bear) with the purpose of helping the animal keep its heat in
 carnivore
 ~animal that feeds on animals
 den
 ~a cave where a bear goes for shelter and to give birth to its young
guard hairs  ~the long coarse outer hairs (hollow and transparent on a polar bear); the fur with the purpose of keeping a polar bear's body heat next to its skin and shedding water
 habitat
 ~the surroundings in which an animal lives
herbivore
~an animal that eats only plant matter
 hibernation
 ~a time of long sleep that some animals undergo during the harsh time of year
 mammal
 ~warm-blooded  animal with a backbone and fur or hair, and that feeds its young with the mother's milk
 omnivore
 ~animal that feeds on both plants and animals
 plantigrade
 ~describes and animal that walks with the entire lower part of its foot  on the ground, such as a human and a bear
 species
 ~a group of animals (or plants) that have the same characteristics that make them like each other but different from other types
 torpor
 ~the state of lethargy (slowed being) into which some animals fall during the colder months  of the year
underfur
 ~the short hairs close to a polar bear's skin; the fur with the purpose of keeping a polar bear's body heat next to its skin

 

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A. Meyerhorn     copyright 2001
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